Validating carbon reductions
and community development


The Gold Standard accepts all methodologies approved by the CDM Executive Board that meet our scope and specific eligibility criteria (for both GS-CER and GS-VER projects). For a complete list of approved CDM methodologies, see: UNFCCC/CDM methodologies

In addition, The Gold Standard Foundation has approved the following methodologies applicable to Gold Standard VER projects:


Methodologies Version Scope
Thermal energy from plant oil for the user of cooking stoves. 1.0 1, 3
Program, baseline and monitoring methodology for introduction of alternative ignition technique as measure to improve energy efficiency of domestic coal fires. 1.0 1, 3
Technologies and practices to displace decentralized thermal energy consumption.


Note: Revision to the methodology now allows for inclusion of technologies with different designs under a single project scenario as long as their thermal efficiency or their specific energy consumption fall within +/-5% difference in absolute terms instead of relative terms, as previously applied.

Revision to the Annex A (safe water supply) allow project developers to choose between the following two options with respect to the consideration of raw water boiled in the project situation:

a. Apply the current provisions of the methodology whereby data is collected on ‘raw water boiled after introduction of water treatment technology’ and a cap of 7.5 l/p/d is applied on the total amount of treated water for consumption per person per day, including water needed for cooking. In this situation the definitions of Lbl,i,y and Lpj,i,y remain as described in the methodology.

b. Do NOT monitor the raw water boiled in the project situation and apply a cap of 6 l/p/d is applied on the amount of water treated by the water treatment technology for drinking water, hand washing and food washing. The 6 l/p/d cap is set so as to account for the crediting of water used for hand and food washing, in the absence of figures from WHO on minimum service level for hand and food washing (basic hygiene). In such a case, the definitions of Lbl,i,y and Lpj,i,y are therefore revised. Lbl,i,y is defined as the total amount of raw water treated with the water treatment technology. Lpj,i,y is defined as the total amount of treated water that is still boiled.

1.0 1, 3, 13
Ecologically Sound Fuel Switch to Biomass with Reduced Energy Requirement. 1.0 1, 3, 4
Indicative Program, Baseline and Monitoring Methodology for Large-Scale Supply and Distribution of Efficient Light Bulb, Showerheads and Water Saving Products to HouseholdsView History 2.0 3
Biodiesel from waste oil/fat from biogenic origin for use as fuel 1.0 1, 3, 5
Fuel switch from fossil fuels to biomass residues in boilers for heat generation 1.0 1, 3, 4
Reducing Vessel Emissions Through the Use of Advanced Hull Coatings 1.0 7
Suppressed Demand Small‐scale Methodology for Energy Use for the Processing of Agricultural Products To help calculate the emission reductions, please use the: Energy Use for the Processing of Agricultural Products Emission Reductions Calculation Tool (Designed to run on MS Excel 2003 and more recent versions) 2.2 1, 3
Suppressed Demand Micro‐scale Methodology for Electrification and Energization To help calculate the emission reductions, please use the: Electrification and Energization Emissions Reductions Calculation Tool* 2.2 1, 3
Suppressed Demand Small-scale Methodology for Low GHG Food Preservation 2.2 1, 3
Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstoves To help calculate the emission reductions, please use the: Simplified Methodology for Efficient Cookstoves Emissions Reductions Calculation Tool 2.2 1, 3
Revised Consolidated Baseline Methodology for GHG Emission Reductions from Manure Management Systems and Municipal Solid Waste 2.2 13, 15
*If there are issues downloading the methodology tools using Internet Explorer, please try using another browser, Resetting the Internet Explorer settings, downloading the latest version of IE (if this isn’t the version running) or manually renaming the file extension as .xlsm

Sectoral Scopes for Gold Standard VER methodologies:

The CDM Accreditation Panel adopted a list of 15 CDM sectoral scopes based on the sectors and sources contained within Annex A of the Kyoto Protocol. Contracted DOEs for Gold Standard activities, are required to have accreditation by the CDM EB for the relevant scopes. The table above clarifies the scopes associated with the various Gold Standard Methodologies, thus helping to define what DOEs are eligible to validate/verify.

CDM sectoral scopes:

The definition of the 15 CDM sectoral scopes

Archived GS VER Methodologies: (open/close)

These are no longer valid for new projects but may be relevant for older projects.

Indicative Programme, Baseline, and Monitoring Methodology for Improved Cook-Stoves and Kitchen Regimes:



Indicative Programme, Baseline, and Monitoring Methodology for Small Scale Biodigester

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