BaumInvest Mixed Reforestation in Costa Rica

  • 8. Work + Economic Growth
  • 13. Climate Action
  • 15. Life on Land

The reforestation project of BaumInvest in Costa Rica combines premium quality standards of a recognised forest carbon offset project with multiple ecological and socio-economic benefits for local communities and the environment.

BaumInvest has established a remarkable ecologically and socially sound reforestation project with predominantly native tree species in Costa Rica. Since the start of the project in 2007 an area of 824 ha pasture land, previously used for extensive cattle ranching, was successively reforested in near natural mixed forest plantations with native tree species (85%) and a rather small proportion of teak (15%). In total, more than 655.000 trees were planted using a variety of more than 20 different tree species. The plantations are managed and certified according to the principles and criteria of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) for responsible forestry.

The reforestation project of BaumInvest comprises a total area of 1,209 ha spread between three sites in the central North of Costa Rica. Each project area is located within an UNESCO biosphere reserve and contributes to a sustainable development of these internationally recognized model regions.

This project is one of the first afforestation/reforestation projects in the world which gained Gold Standard Certification after the launch of the new Gold Standard Land Use and Forests in November 2013.

Project impacts and benefits:

  • The project provides secure, long-term employment in this rural and underdeveloped area of northern Costa Rica.
  • Fair working conditions include accident- and health- as well as pension insurance coverage, personal protective equipment and continuous education and training.
  • Part of the project area is also cultivated with a variety of crop plants in agro-forestry systems between the young trees in order to diversify our land use systems and provide local smallholders with additional means of income.
  • Approximately 284 ha or 25% of the total project area are managed as nature reserves, where remnant forests and wetlands are preserved as natural habitats and biological corridors for many endangered wildlife species of the tropical Central America bioregion.
  • Also the high proportion of native tree species in mixed stands creates new habitats particularly suitable to serve as buffer zones, as for example in the case of the project area La Virgen bordering the Braulio Carrillo National Park.
  • Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii), Jaguar (Panthera onca) and the Great Green Macaw (Ara ambiguus) are just a few examples of species of the “IUCN Red List of Threatened Species”, which have already been sighted within our project area.
  • Biodiversity monitoring of amphibians and reptiles is an integral part of the project, since their present occurrence and species composition as well as the state of their populations at a given place can readily be interpreted as a reflection of habitat quality and land use compatibility.
  • The production of high quality timber helps to reduce Costa Rica's dependency on timber imports and to decrease the pressure to exploit the remaining old-growth rainforests of the country.
  • Careful site selection and private land ownership enhances the permanence and success of the project activity: Costa Rica stands for a long democratic history, social peace and economic stability. Land tenure is clearly regulated in the cadastral land registry and reduces the potencial risk of land use conflicts.

Take a spectacular 3D Tour to get a bird’s eye view of our reforestation projects:


For additional information please contact Bárbara Magdalena San Martín>>


“This project is a wonderful example for Costa Rica as a whole, on how to combine agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, ecologically sound, and sustainable land-use systems. I am glad with the cooperation we have with BaumInvest/Puro Verde.”
Dr. Olman Murillo Académico e Investigador, Escuela de Ingeniería Forestal, Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica (ITCR)
“A really innovative approach of reforestation.”
Guillermo A. Navarro, Ph.D.Director Latin American Chair of Forest Policy and Economics Forest Production and Conservation Program at CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza), Turrialba, COSTA RICA
“Each of us is very happy to be employed by BaumInvest/PuroVerde. This is the best job opportunity in the whole region.”
Nelson Baez QuesadaForeman at Finca San Rafael