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Improved cookstoves in Guinea

  • 1. No Poverty
  • 7. Affordable Clean Energy
  • 13. Climate Action

In Guinea, firewood and charcoal meet around 98% of the household energy needs. Demographic growth is leading to an increasing pressure on the woodlands, with deforestation currently progressing at 6'800'000 m3/year. According to FAO figures, Guinean forests have decreased by around 10% over the last 20 years.

Women and children are often in charge of wood collection, a time-consuming and sometimes dangerous task, which can take up to 15 hours per week just to meet the needs of one household. Generally, cooking is then done on open low efficiency hearths. Consuming a high quantity of firewood and generating a lot of smoke. Long-term use of these open hearths are known to cause serious respiratory diseases.

Through the distribution of cookstoves adapted to the needs of the local communities, this project aims to improve the conditions of Guinean households, tackle global warming and reduce pressure on woodlands by preventing some of the drivers of deforestation.

The project developers listened to the local communities, adapting the cookstove design to better meet local conditions. This included, changing the dimesions of the pots to better fit the requirements of the beneficiaries and to be workable by the local smiths, providing much needed employment to the region. They were also made compatible with materials available locally and the design ensures a complete combustion with no visible smoke, less consumption of wood and produce only a small amount of ash.

The overall result is a cookstove that has an excellent performance, saving time, money, forests and reduces harmful emissions that helps to prevent health diseases, especially among the women in charge of the cooking.

Project impacts and benefits:

  • More than 3,000 improved cookstoves sold since 2015
  • Over 25,000 people benefit from the project
  • $80 save per household per year with a reduction of 60% in wood consumption
  • 17,000 tons of wood saved since 2015
  • More than 11,000 tons of CO2 saved since 2015
  • 30 local smiths are trained and equipped with tools to produce these improved cookstoves
     

For more information, please feel free to contact the project via soleil@boliviainti.org or accueil@guinee44.org

 

“Before I used the coal furnace. With this furnace, a pile of coal 1,000 GNF was consumed in one day. With the “kolpot fotonkante”, a pile of 1,000 GNF can make 2 to 3 days for the same uses: heat water, prepare rice and sauce.”
Maïmouna Bella DIALLO, ICS user, Kindia
“My job is to raise awareness for the dissemination of the ICS. It helps to limit deforestation, combat smoke-related diseases (liver, eyes, etc.), and save money by reducing the use of wood and coal. In addition for cooking, the improved cookstove is faster than traditional fireplaces (three stones) and emits less smoke. As ambassadors we train and organize demonstration workshops to prove the importance of these improved cookstoves. We use figures to show the differences in situations between the use of the three-stone fireplaces and the improved cookstoves. We also monitor their use by the detaining families. ”
Maferin CAMARA, Facilitator of the ICS project in the Samaya Area